Laser-assisted liposculpture, also known as laser lipolysis or laser liposuction, is the most technologically advanced fat removal technique over the world. Laser energy selectively breaks down fat cells. It also stimulates collagen production in the skin, resulting in skin tightening and improved contours of the body.
Laser-assisted liposculpture, as well as a conventional liposuction procedure, cannot be considered a substitute for weight loss. However, it offers a great chance to improve the contours of the body.
If a patient is excessively obese (body mass index greater than 30), she/he is firstly advised to loose weight under the supervision of a nutritionist.
Laser-assisted liposculpture is best suited to treat the areas such as under the chin, inner knees, inner arms, hips, buttocks, and thighs.
How Is the Surgery Performed?
Laser-assisted liposculpture is usually performed under local anesthesia, except in case of laser-assisted liposculpture for large areas that can be performed under epidural or general anesthesia. Time in surgery depends on the extent of surgery, and it can take from a few minutes up to a few hours. Anesthesia for liposuction is chosen depending on the type of procedure, patient’s status and preferences.
Laser-assisted liposculpture is performed by utilizing a 1–2-mm hollow metal cannula, which is inserted through 2-mm incisions in the skin. The incisions are placed in less visible areas of the body, i.e., in natural skin creases and areas that are normally closed by underwear. A fine fiber-optic probe, which delivers laser energy into the fatty tissue and breaks down fat cells, is introduced into the cannula. The cannula is gently moved forth and back delivering the laser energy directly to the fat cells. The laser causes small blood vessels to coagulate, resulting in less bruising and swelling than after conventional liposuction. This is of great importance while performing this procedure in the face, neck, knee, and other more visible areas.
For treating larger volume areas, the best results are achieved in conjunction with a conventional liposuction procedure.
What Should Be Known After Surgery?
- A special compression garment should be worn for 4–6 weeks (sometimes shorter and this depends on the area treated), which prevents fluid accumulation and helps tighten the skin;
- Bruising and swelling usually disappears within 2 weeks;
- After the surgery, lymphatic drainage massage (after surgeries and trauma) on an individual basis is recommended to achieve the best outcome;
- Strenuous physical activities should be avoided for 1–2 weeks. Most patients can resume their routine exercising and sports after 2 weeks following the surgery.